Corn Snake


Corn Snake

Place of Birth:

North America: Corn snakes are found in the eastern United States from southern New Jersey south through Florida, west into Louisiana and parts of Kentucky. However, corn snakes are most abundant in Florida and the southeastern U.S.

Eating Habits:

Corn snakes typically feed every few days. Hatchlings tend to feed on lizards and tree frogs, while adults feed on larger prey, such as mice, rats, birds, and bats.

Quick Facts:

Scientific Name Elaphe Guttata
Size Average length is 24-72 inches. They normally weigh 11 to 21 ounces (300 to 600 g)
Color Usually orange or brownish-yellow, with large, black-edged red blotches down the middle of the back
Lifespan Up to 23 years in captivity, but generally much less in the wild.
Eco Status Not endangered. However, they are listed by the state of Florida as a Species of Special Concern due to habitat loss in the lower Florida Keys. Corn snakes are often mistaken for copperheads and killed.


Corn snakes may be found in wooded groves, rocky hillsides, meadowlands, woodlots, barns, and abandoned buildings. They are very secretive and spend most of their time underground prowling through rodent burrows. They also often hide under loose bark and beneath logs, rocks, and other debris.

Animal’s Behaviour

The name corn snake is believed to have originated from the similarity of the markings on its belly to the checkered pattern of kernels of maize or Indian corn. They are also sometimes called the red rat snake. Corn snakes are slender and found in considerable color and pattern variations depending on the age of the snake and the region of the country in which it is found. Hatchlings lack much of the bright coloration found on adults. As constrictors, they first bite their prey in order to obtain a firm grip, then quickly coil and suffocate their victim. Their prey is then swallowed whole, usually head first. The breeding season of corn snakes is from March to May. The snakes are oviparous, depositing a clutch of ten to 30 eggs in late May to July. Eggs are laid in rotting stumps, piles of decaying vegetation, or other similar locations where there is sufficient heat and humidity to incubate them. The adult snakes do not care for the eggs. Once laid, the gestation period of the eggs is 60 to 65 days at about 82° F. The eggs hatch sometime in July through September. Hatchlings are 10 to 15 inches (25 to 38 cm) long and mature in 18 to 36 months.